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Located in South Asia, Nepal is a landlocked country, sharing borders with the Tibet Autonomous Region and India. It has a large geographical diversity, characterized by hills and mountains that cover 86% of the land, mostly within the Himalayas. Because of this diversity in altitudes and climate, Nepal is a biodiversity hotspot, with 118 different ecosystems and hosting many endemic species. However, these ecosystems are vulnerable to changes in climate, habitat loss, pollution, overgrazing, overharvesting, and forest fires among other stressors. 

With over 60% of the population engaged in the agriculture sector, Nepal’s communities are particularly susceptible to the impacts of climate change and landscape degradation. From 2000 to 2019 Nepal was ranked as the 10th most affected country by extreme weather events according to the Global Climate Risk Index.

Given this vulnerability, adopting measures to mitigate and adapt to climate change as well as restoring the landscapes is crucial. These are necessary actions to improve farmers’ livelihoods and safeguard Nepal’s natural heritage. 

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