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Medicinal Agroforest, Bagmati province, Nepal

  • Definition
    Devising project idea, defining the aim and main components
  • Design
    Specifying details such as time-frame, budget, target indicators, project partners and relevant steps to reach the project objectives
  • Open to Financing
    Searching and securing funding and investment, setting up relevant financing partnerships, and discussing payment modalities
  • Implementation
    Execution of feasibility studies, context analysis, plot design, planting and setting up facilities and starting with potential capacity-building
  • Maintenance
    Operational phase (monitoring and evaluation, impact assessments and adjustments, execution of educational programmes and long-term capacity building)
  • Scaling Up
    Scaling up phase is when the project it has already shown success by obtaining impact as well as economic results and it's ready to become replicable.

This project aims to restore degraded landscapes in Nepal by promoting agroforestry through the implementation of four Model Farms. With over 60% of Nepal’s population dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, they are highly vulnerable to climate change, biodiversity loss, and decreased land productivity. To address these challenges, The Green Intelligence, with the support of reNature, will implement two types of Model Farms to demonstrate sustainable regenerative agroforestry practices. One type is a diverse Agroforestry system focused on fruits and nuts such as Lemons and Avocados and the other, a Medicinal Forest focused on the endangered Himalayan Yew, which can be processed to make Taxol, an anticancer drug. The Model Farms will work closely with over 400 farmers and inspire local communities to replicate these models. 

Assignment & Impact

Number of expected beneficiaries

400 farmers directly impacted and 4000 farmers after scaling.

Development Challenges

Farmers in Nepal are vulnerable to changes in climate and extreme events such as droughts, landslides, and floods that can increase due to the melting of Nepal’s Himalayan glaciers. Furthermore, monocropping, chemical pesticide and fertilizer use is further degrading the land, decreasing biodiversity, and putting farmers livelihoods at risk. 

Intervention

Together with reNature, The Green Intelligence aims to address these issues by implementing four Model Farms, with the two types of Model Farms (Agroforestry fruit and nuts and Medicinal Forest) in each of the districts. This will showcase how agriculture can improve biodiversity, provide ecosystem services, and improve resilience and income generation for the community. 

Since 2020, The Green Intelligence has been dedicated to promoting regenerative agroforestry techniques and has already planted 13,000 trees across three of the locations of this project. With reNature, the goal is to create a system from the ground up, functioning as centers for education and inspiration. This will facilitate the transition to agroforestry systems by providing training, establishing nurseries, and assuming the initial risk involved in starting a new type of agriculture.

Objective

The objective is to establish an accessible and inspiring Model Farm within the community, showcasing two models of agroforestry. These will improve the environment while providing high-value non-timber forest products that lead to local income generation.

Inspirational Impact

This project will serve as an inspiration for the community by showcasing how farmers can improve their land while simultaneously improving their livelihoods. The project will equip the community with tools and knowledge that can be replicated and enable resilient and sustainable social, economic, and environmental improvements. 

Environmental Impact

This project will improve the quality, biology, and water-holding capacity of the soil while also mitigating soil erosion. Moreover, it will decrease the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers. The Model Farms incorporate a large diversity of species including native and endangered species which will increase biodiversity, provide wildlife habitat, and aid in conserving Nepal’s natural heritage. Additionally, the project will contribute to carbon sequestration.

Social Impact

This project will alleviate poverty within the community by increasing income generation and enhancing resilience to climate change and market fluctuations through a diversified agroforestry system. Moreover,  It aims to provide a sustainable income with reduced hard labor, thereby attracting young farmers to return to Nepal. The project’s environmental impact will improve the community’s well-being beyond the Model Farm, providing ecosystem services such as water and air purification, landslide control, and improving access to healthy food and medicine.

Economic Impact

Economically, the project will provide additional income through high-value non-timber forest products such as the Himalayan Yew (Taxus wallichiana and Taxus mairei ) that can be processed to make anticancer drugs(Taxol). One of the main challenges is the difficulty of market access because of challenging the geography and remoteness. This project will address this and improve market access by selecting long-lasting commodities such as Macadamia and timur, by engaging the private sector for local processing of the produce, and by providing help to set up partnerships and market linkages.

Impact Metrics

Outcome Metrics

  1. Support farmers with technical assistance about regenerative agroforestry
  2. Improve economic resilience through crop diversification of high-value produce and market access
  3. Improve community-managed forests through the plantation of local species to increase soil quality and biodiversity

Evaluation Method

  1. Number of people trained in Agroforestry
  2. Number of trees planted and survival rate
  3. Farm output value per ha 
  4. Number of plant species 
  5. Soil Quality index assessment