Climate zone: Tropical – Dry – Temperate – Continental – Polar
Derived from the fruit of oil palms, palm oil is a vegetable oil used in a multitude of different products – almost 50% of all packaged products contain it. This is because the oil is extremely versatile. The palm also produces palm kernel oil which is different in its color and composition and derived from the kernels of the same fruit. It is extremely productive compared to other vegetable oils. Today, Indonesia and Malaysia host more than 85% of global production whilst 42 other countries also engage in oil palm cultivation.
Unfortunately, oil palm cultivations are still often characterized by monocultures driving biodiversity loss and species extinction. In agroforestry systems, oil palm plantation have shown to become more productive, whilst supporting biodiversity and diminishing the need for pesticides.